Astronomers: Kent

 

Dawes, Rev. William Rutter (1799-1868), See below for Cranbrook Observatory, and Wateringbury Observatory – see County of London.

Darwin, George Howard (1845-1912) son of the famous biologist, Charles Darwin was born at Downe July 9 1845 and was educated at Cambridge. He became Professor of Astronomy there in 1883, working mainly on tidal theory. Knighted in 1906 he died December 7, 1912.

Herschel, Sir John (1792–1871) lived at Collingwood House in Hawkhurst for thirty years prior to his death there (see Buckinghamshire; Kent).

Hussey, Revd. Thomas J. (1792-1854) – had an observatory at Hayes, Kent, which he sold in 1841 to the new Durham Observatory.

Lynden-Bell, Donald (1935- ), born Dover (see Cambridgeshire).

Main, Robert (1808-78) was born at Upnor, Kent. From Queen’s College, Cambridge, he graduated sixth wrangler in 1834, and took holy orders. Appointed Chief Assistant at the ROG 1835, served there for 25 years, then in 1860 became Radcliffe Observer in Oxford. (see ODNB; County of London; Oxfordshire)

Markwick, Ernest Elliott (1853-1925), born in East Acton, Kent, an original member of the BAA, President 1912-14, Director BAA Variable Star Section 1899-1909. FRAS 1879. On his 21st birthday 19 July 1874 his parents gave him a 2.3/4″(8cm) refractor which remained a favourite instrument, later mounted on a Wray equatorial mount and tripod. Observatories at Devonport 1898-1903; Boscombe, Hants, 1905-14, where he added an 8.5-inch (21.6cm) altazimuth Calver reflector and 4-inch Grubb equatorial refractor; lastly ‘The Beehive Observatory’ in 1919 at his retirement home in West Moors, Dorset, just north of Bournemouth, Hants, where a Romsey Observatory housed his Grubb refractor while he observed variables with the reflector. His first recorded variable star observation was 1883, and regularly from 1888 until 1924. He was also a regular solar observer. “A very distinguished astronomer”, his Calver is on view at the Auckland Observatory, New Zealand (see Shears 2012).

Nasmyth, James Hall (1808-90), born Edinburgh, built his business in Eccles, Lancashire, retired in 1856 to Penshurst, Kent, and established an observatory at his new home (see ODNB; Lancashire).

McClean, Frank (1837-1904), born Glasgow, educated at Cambridge, inherited money and built an observatory at Ferncliffe, 1875 (see ODNB).

Peek, Bertrand Meigh (1891 -1965), as a teacher who taught at Canterbury (see Warwickshire).

Wilding, Richard (1842-1930) [FRAS], born Preston, a Lancashire cotton producer with an interest in astronomy who to Bromley around 1900 (see Lancashire).

Francis Wollaston (1731-1815), born London (see Norfolk)

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