Observatories: Lanarkshire

Acre Road Observatory (1969- ) [AROUG], established by the University of Glasgow at its Garscube Estate site near Summerston, Glasgow. The observatory was originally furbished with a 20-inch reflecting telescope by Grubb-Parsons, now located on the Cochno Estate in the Kilpatrick Hills.  Today the site houses a suite of modern reflecting telescopes – 10, 12 & 16-inch (Roy 1993).

Airdrie Public Observatory (55° 51′ 56″ N, 03° 58′ 58″ W) is in the town of Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The observatory is open to the public by request, and is housed in Airdrie Public Library. Installed on the roof of the first purpose-built library building in 1896, it is the smallest, and second oldest, of four public observatories operating in the UK, all of which are sited in Scotland. The present library building was opened in 1925. The main instrument is a 6-inch Cooke refractor built in 1845 from a donation by Janes Lewis FRAS, which replaced an original 3-inch instrument donated by Dr. Reid in 1896. A new copper dome was installed in 2009 as part of a major £500,000 refurbishment of the Library roof.  The observatory is owned and funded by North Lanarkshire Council and operated on their behalf by Airdrie Astronomical Association (AAA), a Scottish astronomy society and registered charity. Current honorary curators are Arthur Bannister and Gavin Bain (Wikiepedia).

Garnet Hill Observatory (1808-1826), Glasgow, established by Glasgow Society for promoting Astronomical Observation, since demolished (Gavine 1982, 315-21Howse 1986).

Horselethill Observatory (1841-1938), taken over by the University in 1845 and all University instruments relocated there; closed 1938. Professor Robert Grant was observer 1860-92, an accomplished observer, produced two catalogues. In 1863 he was enabled to purchase the 9-inch Cooke equatorial of 1861, from the Ochtertyre Observatory. He was succeeded by Ludwig Becker 1892-1935 who effected some refurbishment, but worked without assistance for ten years. The site. Now engulfed by the city, was appalling for smoke and pollution, and spectroscopy was impossible.
The University Gardens Observatory was established in 1938 as a teach observatory for Professor William Smart, equipped with a 7-inch refractor and a small transit (Howse 1986; Stroobant 1931; Roy 1993).

Macfarlane Observatory [MOUG] (1757-1844), Dowhill, Glasgow, established through bequest of instruments by Alexander MacfarlaneDowhill.  The first observatory of the University of Glasgow it was located in College grounds off the High Street adjoining the Physic Garden.  Due to its city location a new observatory site was sought with a move to Horselethill in 1841 (Howse 1986; Roy 1993).

University Gardens Observatory [UGOUG] (1939-1960?), established in the university garden at Musselburgh, now Queen Margaret University, to replace Horselethill Observatory it housed a a 7-inch telescope and  transit instrument. It closure was prompted by the erection of nearby tall building (Roy 1993).

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