Grant, Robert (1814-1892), born at Grantown-on-Spey. He received some astronomical training in Paris, and in London through the RAS made his name by writing the History of Physical Astronomy (1852), in which his account of the discovery of Neptune was sympathetic to the English astronomers. On Airy’s recommendation he was appointed in 1860 to the Regius Chair at Glasgow, with direction of its observatory. There despite all difficulties he achieved two catalogues, including a number of proper motions.
Murdoch, James (1809-fl.1851), born in Garmouth, Elgin, wood merchant and astronomer (see 1851 Scottish Census).
Elchies Observatory, c.1850-65
The Observatory established in Knockando parish, in the grounds of Wester Elchies mansion by its owner James William Grant (1788-1865). He returned to his estate in 1849, and erected at Elchies a fine observatory in granite, the entrance guarded by sphinxes. Here was placed the “Trophy Telescope”, conspicuous in 1851 in the nave of the Great Exhibition, and the first large equatorial telescope erected in Scotland (Keith Murray’s 9″ was the next). The 11″ object-glass was by Ross, the mount by Ransome & May. Grant’s use of it was hampered by the climate and growing ill-health; but Professor Piazzi Smyth found its performance excellent in a set of observations on double stars made at Elchies in the autumn of 1862 (MNRAS, 23, 1862, pp.1-2). It was sold in 1864 to Mr. Aytoun of Glenfarg, Perthshire.