Observatories: Yorkshire – North Riding

Pigott’s Observatory (1781-85 & 1792-3), 33 Botha, York, established by Nathaniel Pigott (1725-1804) with a both reflecting and refracting telescopes with a quadrant and transit instrument. He is noted for his observations of eclipses, the transit of Venus of 1769 from Caen in France, from Louvain in Belgium the transit of Mercury of 1786, and comets.

Wrigglesworth Observatory, Scarborough, 1885-90
The Observatory stood at the corner of St James Road and Londesborough Road. The observatory was built in 1884-1885 for James Wigglesworth (1815-1888), a businessman and amateur astronomer. James owned Thomas Cooke & Sons of York, and it was they who supplied and erected the 30-foot dome and the 15.5-inch f/15 refractor.
In the same year of 1885, James was elected a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society
James had poor eyesight, and in 1886 engaged Jacob Lohse as assistant, from Dun Echt Observatory. Together they determined the positions of 20 nebulae by 1887.
See: Dave Hawkridge, http://www.oldham-optical.co.uk/Wigglesworth.htm.

Yorkshire Philosophical Society Observatory (1833- )
The Revd. Dr William Pearson attended the first meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at York in 1831. He presented the YPS with his Treatise on Practical Astronomy, and was made an Hon. Member. He responded by offering a clock, telescope and transit if they built an observatory. He also gave them Smeaton’s first conical roof. Pearson gave them a 4-inch refractor, a Jones portable transit, and a sidereal clock by Barraud. By 1833 the Observatory was in operation. In 1857 the 4-inch object glass was found defective, and was replaced by William Gray.

Scarborough Observatory, Dalby Forest

York Observatory, Yorkshire Museum, York

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